GCC Member States
- United Arab Emirates
- Kingdom of Bahrain
- Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
- State of Kuwait
- Sultanate of Oman
The United Arab Emirates
The United Arab Emirates is a federation of seven emirates; Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ras Al Khaimah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain and Fujairah.
Capital: Abu Dhabi
Total Area: 83600 km² (including islands)
Location: Between latitudes 22 and 26.5 north and longitude 51 and 56.51 east. The UAE is bordered by the Arabia Gulf in the north, Oman and the Gulf of in the East, Oman and Saudi Arabia in the south and Qatar and Saudi Arabia in the west.
Climate: UAE is warm and sunny in winter and hot and humid during the summer months. Winter daytime temperatures average a very pleasant 26°C, although nights can be relatively cool, between 12–15°C. Summer temperatures are in the mid-40s, but can be higher inland.
National Day: 2 December 1971
Official Language: Arabic
Time: GMT + 4
Currency: Dirham ($1=AED 3.672)
Population: 8,200,000 (2009 estimates
Find out more about UAE under:
Kingdom of Bahrain
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Located in the far south western side of the Asian continent, Saudi Arabia dominates the largest part of the Arabian Peninsula. From the west it is bordered by the Red Sea, from the east by the Arabian gulf, Bahrain, UAE and Qatar, from the north by Kuwait, Jordan and Iraq and from the south by Oman Sultanate and Yemen.
With more than 2,250,000 Km area, Saudi Arabia constitutes four fifth of the Arab Peninsula territory. Continental climate dominates Saudi Arabia featuring hot summer and cold rainy winter with moderate climate at the western and south western heights.
As a hub of Islamic shrines including the two holy mosques in Makka and Madina, Saudi Arabia is proud of providing services to pilgrims.
Saudi Arabia ranks in the top position of oil production and reserves. It ranks in the fifth position in natural gas reserves and the ninth position as natural gas producer. Industrialization in Saudi Arabia is associated with oil and natural gas. The most important industrial products include: cement, steel bars, ethylene, fodder, glycol ethylene, ethanol, styrene, caustic soda etc….. Agriculture has seen remarkable development in recent years. The increasing boom of the Saudi agricultural sector resulted in SR 38.3 billion GDP up from 990 m in 1970 and 11% average growth. Most important crops include: wheat, barley, corn, sesame, in addition to vegetables. Most important vegetables include: tomatoes, watermelon, potatoes, cucumber and melon. Dates production is 16 million tons.
· Population: 27.173 million
· Official language: Arabic
· National Day: Saudi Arabia celebrates it National Day on 23 September each year
· Currency: Saudi riyal. It is equivalent to 3.75 US dollars
· Weekly holidays: Friday and Saturday
· Major cities: Makka, Madina, Riyadh, Jeddah, Abha, Hayel, Baha, Buraidah, Tabuk, Jazan, Damam, Skaka, Arar, Najran
Geographic location and area
Sultanate of Oman
Oman is located on the southwestern part of the Arab peninsula, between latitudes 40 o, 16 o, 20 o and 26 o North, and50 o, 51 o, 40 o and 59 o East and overlooks a coastline extending for more than 3,165 km from the Arabian Sea from the southeast and the Indian Ocean, all the way to the Gulf of Oman, ending at Musandam to the north, overlooking the strategic Strait of Hurmuz and the entrance to the Arabian Gulf. It is bordered by Yemen from the southwest, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) to the west and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to the north, with a number of small islands in the Gulf of Oman and the Strait of Hurmuz, including Salama wa banatiha, and in the Arabia Sea like Masira and Hallaniyat. Oman extends over an area of approx. 309,500 km2.
The topography of Oman features the Hijir Mountain chain, extending from the top of the mountains in Musandam (the Strait of Hurmuz and the gate to the Arabian Gulf) to Ras El Hadd, the furthest southeastern point on the Arabian Peninsula towards the Indian Ocean, forming a large arc from the northeastern part of Oman all the way to the Southwestern part, with the highest point at 3000 meters above sea level on top of El Jebel El Akhdar (the Green Mountain).
In Musandam, the mountains rise up to 1,800 meters above sea level, and Ras Musandam has gained the reputation of being the Tropical Norway, thanks to the numerous marine alleys between the rocks and winding access routes. The Straut of Hurmuz is located between the Omani and Iranian coasts, with the navigable part on the Omani side. The highest mountaintop in the Hijir Mountain chain in Al Dakhliya Governorate is Jebel Shams (the Sun Mountain) at 3,000 meters above sea level.
The Omani coastline on the Arabian Sea extends to more than 560 km, out of which 130 km are covered by the monsoon rains, and includes a coastal plain eight to ten kilometers wide, where various cities are located including Salalah, Mirbat, Sadah, Rakhyut and Dhalkut. The coastline of Dhofar is rich in fisheries, and abundant with sardines, with the excess quantities of sardine is used as fertilizer and cattle feed.
The Dhofar Mountains extend in a continuous chain from the north to the west, over more than 400 km opposite El Halaniat islands, all the way to the border with Yemen, most famous is Jebel Samhan to the east, and Jebel Al Kamar (the Moon Mountain) to the west. The width of the mountain chain is not more than 23 kilometers, and the highest peak is 2,500 meters above sea level. 75 km of the mountains are covered by green layer starting from June to September every year – the Khareef Season – distinguishing this area from the rest of the Arab peninsula with monsoon winds coming from southwest during the Khareef Season, transforming Dhofar into an attractive summer retreat thanks to the gentle rains and green pastures. Dhofar is also famous for its frankincense trade throughout the history, which was the source of its wealth in ancient time, in addition to the water springs flowing throughout the year.
The State of Qatar is a peninsula located amid the western coast of the Arabian Gulf. Of the islands affiliated to Qatar, Halul, Shraouh and Al-Asshat are the most important.
The land mainly consists of a flat rocky plain, covered with a range of low limestone outcroppings in Jebel Dukhan in the west and Jebel Fuyart in the north. This plain is mostly marked by its many inland seas (Khors), bays and basins called (al-Riyadh) over the northern and middle areas that are considered to be the most fertile lands housing different natural plants.
Qatar occupies an area of 11,521 square kilometers.
Qatar has a population of 2.26 million, as on 30th November 2014. Over 80% of the population lives in Doha and its major suburb Al-Rayyan.
Qatar's capital city is Doha.
Arabic is the official language of the country, but English is also widely used.
Islam is the official religion of the State of Qatar, and the Islamic Law (Sharia) is a major source of legislation in the country.
Qatar has a desert climate with hot summers, warm winters and scarce rainfall.
Doha (capital), Al-Wakrah, Al-Khor, Dukhan, Al-Shamal, Msaieed, Ras Lafan and others.
Qatari Riyal (1 Riyal = 100 Dirhams).
The Riyal is pegged to the US Dollar ($US 1 = QAR 3.65).
Qatar National Day is held on 18th December every year in celebration and commemoration of Sheikh Jassim Bin Mohammad Al-Thani, the founder of the State of Qatar.
- Qatar National Day: December 18 (annually).
- The holy Eid Al-Fitr, four days from Ramadan 28th to Shawwal 4th (as per the Hijri calendar).
- The holy Eid Al-Adha, five days from Dhul Hijjah 9th to 13th Dhul Hijjah (as per the Hijri calendar).
- National Sport Day on Tuesday of the second week of February (annually).
Flag of the State of Qatar
The national flag of the State of Qatar is maroon with a broad white nine-point serrated band breaking into the maroon side.
Official Working Hours
- Ministries and Government Departments: From 7am to 2pm
- Private Companies and Establishments: From 8am to 12pm and from 4pm to 8pm
Fridays and Saturdays are official days off in Qatar.
GMT +3 hours.
240V/50Hz. A mix of plugs: 3-pin square and 2-pin round designs.